Human Resource Management (HRM) in Bahrain is the process of managing people in organizations in a way that supports the achievement of organizational goals. It involves a wide range of activities, including recruitment and selection, training and development, performance management, compensation and benefits, and employee relations.

Bahrain is a relatively small country, but it has a diverse economy with a growing private sector. This has led to an increased demand for skilled workers and a greater emphasis on HRM.

Mission of HRM in Bahrain

  • Attract, develop, and retain a talented workforce
  • Create a positive and productive work environment
  • Support the achievement of organizational goals

Vision for HRM in Bahrain

  • Increased focus on talent management: Organizations in Bahrain are increasingly recognizing the importance of talent management in attracting and retaining top performers. This is leading to a greater emphasis on succession planning, employee development, and performance management.
  • Shift to digital HR: Many organizations in Bahrain are adopting digital HR solutions to streamline their HR processes and improve efficiency. This is leading to a more mobile and flexible HR function.
  • Growing importance of diversity and inclusion: Organizations in Bahrain are becoming more aware of the importance of diversity and inclusion in the workplace. This is leading to a greater focus on recruiting and retaining a diverse workforce, as well as creating a workplace culture that is inclusive of all employees.

HRM Challenges in Bahrain

  • Skills gap: There is a skills gap in Bahrain, particularly in certain sectors such as technology and healthcare. This is making it difficult for organizations to find the skilled workers they need.
  • Bahrainization: The government of Bahrain is committed to increasing the number of Bahraini nationals in the private sector workforce. This is known as Bahrainization. However, it is challenging for organizations to meet Bahrainization targets, particularly in sectors where there is a shortage of skilled Bahraini workers.
  • Changing workforce demographics: The workforce in Bahrain is becoming increasingly diverse and aging. This is creating new challenges for HRM professionals, such as how to manage a multi-generational workforce and how to create a workplace that is inclusive of all employees.


HRM is playing an increasingly important role in the success of organizations in Bahrain. By focusing on attracting, developing, and retaining a talented workforce, organizations can create a positive and productive work environment that supports the achievement of organizational goals.